The Trust Fund
Launched in December 2014, the EU Regional Trust Fund in Response to the Syrian Crisis (Trust Fund) has supported over 8.4 million people, both Syrian refugees and host communities in Lebanon, Jordan Iraq, as well as in Turkey and some in the Western Balkans, Armenia, Egypt and Syria. While addressing educational, economic, social and health needs of Syrian refugees, the Trust Fund also supports overstretched local communities and their administrations.
Through 120 projects worth €2.36 billion,people have worked together to improve livelihoods, the health sector and to provide protection services. Thanks to the Trust Fund, Syrians and host communities are enhancing social cohesion, education opportunities and improving water, sanitation and hygiene. The “Corona Package” has helped to further increase cooperation and support.
State of Play
From 2014-2021, 21 EU Member States, Turkey and the United Kingdom, mobilised €2.38 billion. In March 2021, the UN, 52 States, eight regional organisations and International Financial Institutions (IFI), as well as humanitarian organisations, renewed their political, humanitarian, and financial commitments.
Hosted by the EU, co-chaired by the UN, the Brussels V conference on the “Future of Syria and the Region” pledged €5,1 billion for 2021, 2022 and beyond.
The EU is the leading donor in the international response to the Syrian crisis, with more than €25 billion mobilised from the EU and Member States since 2011.
The Syrian Crisis
The conflict in Syria continues to drive the world’s largest refugee crisis. Over 5,6 million Syrians have sought refuge in neighbouring countries. 275 000 live in refugee camps, of which over a third are children under 12 years of age. Also among Syrians in rural and urban areas, close to one third are under 12 years old.
In Lebanon, 15% of the population (ca. 840 000) are Syrian refugees, equivalent to more than 1 in 7 persons. In Jordan, almost 12% (ca. 670 000) and in Iraq almost 5% (ca. 250 000) of the population are Syrians, followed by almost 5% in Egypt. Turkey hosts the largest Syrian population; with 3.7 million, this represents over 65% of people in the country. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic is deepening hardship for host communities and Syrian refugees and poverty is devastating more lives. The Trust Fund supports Syrians and their host communities to overcome some of the hardships they face.